# Salt Water Density: Can a Carrot Float?

Investigate & observe the density of a carrot, salt water, and regular water. Watch the magic carrot in action in this easy salt water density activity for kids!

After exploring the Science Behind sensory bottles, my kids were interested in learning how to change the density of water.

We explored water using a rock and wood to find out that just because something is heavier doesn’t mean that it sinks in water (like a piece wood). Density is the measure of mass divided by volume.

We decided to test out some vegetables to see what happened when we placed them in water. We discussed our observations of the density of each of our vegetables.

Then, we moved on to see how we could change the density of water using salt while using our veggies as a visual indicator of the density of the water in our glass.

## Salt Water Experiment Learning Outcomes

The goal of this activity is for kids to draw conclusions about the density of objects based on whether an object floats or sinks in different liquids.

Kids should be able to determine whether you can change the density of a liquid by adding material.

Finally, after participating in this activity, kids should be able to observe and compare the density of a carrot compared to fresh water and salt water.

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## Why STEAM Activities?

STEAM is the abbreviation for Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math.

STEAM, like STEM, is an integrated approach to learning that encourages learners to make connections between the concepts they are learning and how they apply them to real-world problems.

STEAM helps students ask questions, problem solve, think creatively, and produce innovative solutions. Many schools have adopted STEAM learning activities into their curriculum, but it’s never too early to start building critical thinking skills.

We love to learn through play at our house and have a blast doing activities for toddlers all the way to tweens!

Looking for some more hands-on activities that incorporate Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math (STEAM)? Then you have to check out STEAM Kids!

This book features more than 50 hands-on activities that are organized into easy to implement categories, so you know exactly what concepts your kids are learning!

## Key Density Terms

Volume is the measure of the amount of space an object takes up and density is a measure of the amount of mass in a certain volume.

Weight is a measure of the force of gravity on an object of a certain mass and mass is a measure of the amount of matter in an object.

### Questions to Discuss During Your Saltwater Density Activity

• Does the size of an object always determine its mass?
• Do you have a small object that has more mass than you expected?
• Do you have a large object that has less mass than you thought?

## Hovering Carrot Salt Water Density Experiment

### Observe the Density of Fresh Water

Fill your large glass with water. Place the carrot in the water.

The carrot sinks in water. What does this tell you about the density of the carrot compared to the density of the fresh water? Discuss observations.

### Observe the Density of Salt Water

Add 1 spoonful of salt to the water and stir. The carrot should start to rise. Continue to add salt and stirring until the carrot floats on the water.

If the carrot sinks in fresh water and floats in salt water, what does this tell you about the density of the carrot compared to the density of the salt water?

Discuss how the salt must increase the density of the water.

Add fresh water to the glass until the carrot hovers in the middle of the glass. What does this tell you about the density of the carrot and the density of water?

## The Science Behind the Floating Carrot

The carrot sinks in fresh water and the carrot floats in salt water. The carrot hovers in the middle of the salt water glass when the density of the salt water and the density of the carrot are about the same!

Because the carrot sinks in fresh water, the carrot must be more dense than fresh water. Since the carrot floats in salt water, the carrot must be less dense than salt water. How neat!

## Want to connect this density activity with other STEAM buckets?

Check out these STEAM extensions!

### Science

This project is primarily science focused. Take it further and explore the science behind sensory bottles with another density experiment! Try other vegetables and make observations. Compare your findings to the carrot.

### Art

Check out the science behind sensory bottles project and design your own sensory bottle!

### Math

Measure the amount of salt that you add into your water and calculate how much salt it takes to make your carrot float. Break your floating carrot in half and place a piece back in your salt water. What happens? Why do you think this happens?

We love incorporating books into our activities. Here are some great books about science to read with your activity!

## 31 Days of Low-Prep STEAM Activities for Kids

This activity is part of our 31 Days of Low-Prep STEAM Activities for Kids. Every activity focuses on each of the buckets of STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, & Math) although these integrated projects fit in more than one bucket.

You and your kiddos are going to love all of the activities that we have in store! Visit the 31 Days of Low-Prep STEAM Activity hub and pin it, so you can come back and visit it daily!

## Food Science Activities

Find more activities that use food to explore Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math!

## Meet Toni, the Maker Mom behind Our Family Code

Hey there, I’m Toni! I’m a software engineer and Maker Mom that finds my joy in unleashing my children’s curiosity by exploring STEAM concepts with my fantastic five!

When I’m not chasing toddlers or raising tweens, you can find me tearing things up and putting them back together over here at Our Family Code.

I am the owner and content creator of multiple educational websites designed to increase access to STEAM & STEM education with a focus on teaching computer science and coding to kids of all ages!

You can also find out more about me by visiting ToniGardner.com!

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Sarah

Wednesday 10th of October 2018

This is so fun what a great way to learn about density.

teachworkoutlove

Wednesday 10th of October 2018

That looks really cool and really fun!

Julie S.

Tuesday 9th of October 2018

Because science is magic! Another great activity today!

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